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Which referencing style ?

There are a huge range of referencing styles available and your supervisor will advise you on which one to use. At Teesside University we use Harvard. 

Managing your references

You will also want to manage your references and there are a number of tools which enable you to do this. At Teesside University we use Refworks as our tool for managing and organising references.

Please use the Refworks link below.

Referencing guidelines

The book 'Cite Them Right' by Pears and Shields details the Harvard referencing standard used by Teesside University.  Click on the book image below for location details in the Library. 


Why do I need to reference?

You need to reference to:

  1. acknowledge the work of other writers.
  2. demonstrate the body of knowledge upon which your research is based.
  3. show you have widely researched the topic and on what authority you based your arguments and conclusions.
  4. enable all those who have read your work to locate your sources easily.
  5. avoid being accused of plagiarism - that is passing off someone else's work as your own.

There are two parts to referencing:

  1. Citation:  the acknowledgement in your text, giving brief details of the work (e.g. Jones, 2008, p.10). The reader should be able to identify or locate the work from these details in your reference list or bibliography.
  2. Reference list: the list of references at the end of your work. These should include the full information for you citations so that readers can easily identify and locate each piece of work that you have used. It is important that these are consistent, correct and complete