Pears and Shields (2019, p. 20) or (Pears and Shields, 2019, p. 20)
Pears, R. and Shields, G. (2019) Cite them right: the essential referencing guide. 11th edn. London: Red Globe Press.
(Nadeau et al., 2005, p. 46) or Nadeau et al. (2005, p. 46)
Nadeau, J. et al. (2005) Case studies in applied mechanics. 2nd edn. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars.
(Macmillan and Crelman,1991, cited in Wickens, 2002, p. 37)
Wickens, T.D. (2002) Elementary signal detection theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press
An ebook that includes all the same elements as the print version e.g. page numbers, edition, publication details, should be referenced as though it was a print book.
If the ebook is available on an edevice (Kindle, smartphones and tablets) the elements might not be the same as the print version. If this is the case you need to use the information you do have e.g. loc or %
(Adams, 1979, loc 876) or Adams (1979, loc 876)
Adams, D. (1979) The hitchhiker's guide to the galaxy. Available at: http://www.amazon.co.uk/kindle-ebooks (Downloaded: 28 August 2013).
(Parton and Fleming, 2008) or Parton and Fleming (2008)
Parton, S. and Fleming, H. (2008) 'Academic libraries and learning support in collaboration', New Review of Academic Librarianship, 13(1), pp. 79-89.
(Garcia et al., 2010) or Garcia et al. (2010)
Garcia, P. et al. (2010) 'Food biopreservation: promising strategies using bacteriocins, bacteriophages and endolysins', Trends in Food Science & Technology, 21(8), pp. 373-382.
Education World (2002) or (Education World, 2002)
Education World (2002) Student guide to avoiding plagiarism. Available at:
(Accessed: 14 May 2015).
If you cannot view the online tutorial below, go to the following web page. When you've viewed the basics section there, click back to this page and select the 'In-text' tab above.
If you cannot view the online tutorial below, go to the following web page. When you've viewed the in-text citations section there, click back to this page and select the 'Paraphrasing' tab above.