Public Administration uses the Chicago referencing scheme.
The style uses footnotes with the abbreviated details at the bottom of the page and has a bibliography at the end with full details of the cited works.
You can find out more from the online guide below:
The referencing of primary sources will depend on the nature of the sources that you have used. You should therefore consult your module tutor for further guidance.
Secondary sources should be referenced according to the following style:
Books (single author)
1.William Davies, The Limits of Neoliberalism: Authority, Sovereignty and the Logic of Competition (London: SAGE, 2014), 23-25.
2. Davies, Limits of Neoliberalism, 109.
Davies, William. The Limits of Neoliberalism: Authority, Sovereignty and the Logic of Competition. London: SAGE, 2014.
Books (two authors)
3. Peri Roberts and Peter Sutch, An Introduction to Political Thought: A Conceptual Toolkit, 2nd ed.(Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2012), 250-56.
4. Roberts and Sutch, Political Thought, 92.
Roberts, Peri and Peter Sutch. An Introduction to Political Thought: A Conceptual Toolkit. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2012.
Chapters in an edited book
5. Douglas, L. Kriner, "The Presidency," in Developments in American Politics, 8th ed., ed. Gillian Peele et al. (London: Palgrave, 2018) 119-22, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/tees/reader.action?docID=6234795&ppg=6#ppg=137
6. Kriner, "The Presidency," 127.
Kriner, Douglas L. "The Presidency." In Developments in American Politics. 8th ed., edited by Gillian Peele, Christopher J. Bailey, Jon Herbert and Bruce E. Cain and B. Guy Peters, 117-32. London: Palgrave, 2018, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/tees/reader.action?docID=6234795&ppg=6#ppg=137.
1. Nicola McEwen, "Negotiating Brexit: Power Dynamics in British Intergovernmental Relations," Regional Studies 55, no.9 (2021) : 1539-40, https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2020.1735000.
2. McEwen, "Negotiating Brexit," 1545.
McEwen, Nicola. "Negotiating Brexit: Power Dynamics in British Intergovernmental Relations." Regional Studies 55, no.9 (2021) : 1538-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2020.1735000.
3. Stefan Berger and Norman LaPorte, "In Search of Antifascism: The British Left’s Response to the German Democratic Republic," German History 26, no. 4 (2008): 539-40, https://doi-org.ezproxy.tees.ac.uk/10.1093/gerhis/ghn050.
4. Berger and LaPorte, "In Search of Antifascism," 541.
Berger, Stefan and Norman LaPorte. "In Search of Antifascism: The British Left’s Response to the German Democratic Republic." German History 26, no. 4 (2008): 536-552. https://doi-org.ezproxy.tees.ac.uk/10.1093/gerhis/ghn050.
5. Maria Teresa Grasso et al., “Thatcher’s Children, Blair’s Babies, Political Socialization and Trickle-down Value Change: An Age, Period and Cohort Analysis.” British Journal of Political Science 49, no. 1 (2019): 25, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007123416000375.
6. Grasso et al, "Thatcher's Children," 30.
Grasso, Maria Teresa, Stephen Farrall, Emily Gray, Colin Hay, and Will Jennings. “Thatcher’s Children, Blair’s Babies, Political Socialization and Trickle-down Value Change: An Age, Period and Cohort Analysis.” British Journal of Political Science 49, no. 1 (2019): 17–36. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007123416000375.
1. "What is Globalization?," Peterson Institute for International Economics, last modified August 24, 2021, https://www.piie.com/microsites/globalization/what-is-globalization.
2. "University statistics," Teesside University, accessed March 8, 2022, https://www.tees.ac.uk/sections/about/public_information/factsandfigures.cfm.
3. Adam Curtis, "Hypernormalisation," Adam Curtis The Medium and the Message (blog), October 11, 2016, https://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/adamcurtis.
Teesside University. "University statistics." Accessed March 8, 2022. https://www.tees.ac.uk/sections/about/public_information/factsandfigures.cfm.
1. Pauline E. Lynn, "The Shaping of Political Allegiance: Class, Gender, Nation and Locality in County Durham 1918-1945" (PhD diss., University of Teesside, 1999), 25
2. Toby Helm, "From Partygate to Putn's War: Boris Johnson Rides on a Rare Wave of Unity," Guardian, February 26, 2022, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/feb/26/partygate-putin-war-boris-johnson-ukraine-crisis-prime-minister.
Click on the link below to access the referencing guidelines for your School.
RefWorks allows you to create and manage your own personal database of useful references. You can then use these to quickly compile a reference list or bibliography for your assignments.
Click on the link below for more information, and details of Library workshops on how to use Refworks.