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Facts Matter: Counteracting Fake News

Why does Fake News matter?


Click on the video icon View this "Fact checking online" video from Swedish fact checker Viralgranskaren and IIS (The Internet Foundation In Sweden) 

 A fact is an objective truth or a piece of information used as evidence to support an argument.

Example: Winston Churchill was Prime Minister of Britain


An opinion is a belief or conclusion held with confidence, but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof

Example: Winston Churchill was the best Prime Minister Britain ever had

Click on the video icon  This TED talk by Eli Pariser covers what to consider with regards to filter bubbles.

"Filter bubbles" are created by a website -- or social media feed -- customize what you are delivered based on your previous searches, location, and clicking history."

(Pariser, E. (2011) Beware online "filter bubbles"'. March. Available at: (Accessed: 10 March 2020).

An example would be that your Facebook or Twitter feed looks at what you like and share and what your friends like and share and tries to present you with only news or articles from that viewpoint.


Click on the video icon In this video, reporters and media professionals define the term “confirmation bias,” and discuss its effect on how people approach and evaluate news and other information.

Confirmation bias is our subconscious tendency to seek and interpret information and other evidence in ways that affirm our existing beliefs, ideas, expectations, and/or hypotheses. Therefore, confirmation bias is both affected by and feeds our implicit biases. It can strongest around beliefs and ideas that we are strongly attached to or that provoke an emotional response.

Pop your bubblebubblr

Recognise your bubble

Check your own biases

Look for evidence

What else can you find to back a news story up?

Why are people saying what they are?

Look at the background - is it satirical, biased etc?

Challenge your bubble bubble


Get comfortable with disagreement 

Look at different viewpoints and news sources

Be Global

Make your own decisions and stop doing what algorithms suggest

Intentionally seek out people from different geographies, backgrounds or viewpoints

Say yes to invitations from people outside your usual social circle

Practise listening and understanding

Fact Check