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Media and Journalism

How to Reference

Harvard Referencing

The referencing style used for the School of Arts & Creative Industries is Harvard Standard according to the book 'Cite Them Right' by Pears and Shields.

Click on the book cover below for details of the print copies held in the Library.

Click here for the online version.


Adobe Express presentation on referencing

An introduction to referencing and how to use references in your Studies

Reference examples for Media sources - Click on the images to see more!

TV advert

BT advert

YouTube video

Youtube video

Mintel report

Mintel report example

Twitter tweet

Twitter tweet


Website example


Blog example


How to reference a movie / film

Referencing examples

How to reference a book

Books with up to 3 authors:
In-text citation

Pears and Shields (2016, p. 20) or (Pears and Shields, 2016, p. 20)

Reference list

Pears, R. and Shields, G. (2016) Cite them right. 10th edn. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Books with 4 or more authors:
In-text citation

(Young et al., 2015, p. 46) or Young et al. (2015, p. 46)

Reference list

Young, H.D. et al. (2015) Sears and Semansky's university physics. 10th edn. San Francisco: Addison-Wesley.

Secondary Referencing
In-text citation

(Macmillan and Crelman,1991, cited in Wickens, 2002, p. 37)

Reference list

Wickens, T.D. (2002) Elementary signal detection theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press


An ebook that includes all the same elements as the print version e.g. page numbers, edition, publication details, should be referenced as though it was a print book.

Ebooks available on an edevice e.g. Kindle

If the ebook is available on an edevice (Kindle, smartphones and tablets) the elements might not be the same as the print version.  If this is the case you need to use the information you do have e.g. loc or %

In-text citation

(Adams, 1979, loc 876) or Adams (1979, loc 876)

Reference list

Adams, D. (1979) The hitchhiker's guide to the galaxy. Available at: (Downloaded: 28 August 2013).

How to reference a journal 

Journal articles with up to 3 authors
In-text citation

(Parton and Fleming, 2008) or Parton and Fleming (2008)

Reference list

Parton, S. and Fleming, H. (2008) 'Academic libraries and learning support in collaboration', New Review of Academic Librarianship, 13(1), pp. 79-89.

Journal articles with 4 or more authors
In-text citation

(Norrie et al., 2012) or Norrie et al. (2012)

Reference list

Norrie, C. et al. (2012) 'Doing it differently? A review of literature on teaching reflective practice across health and social care professions', Reflective Practice, 13(4), pp. 565-578.

How to reference a website 

In-text citation

Education World (2002) or (Education World, 2002)

Reference list

Education World (2002) Student guide to avoiding plagiarism. Available at: 

(Accessed: 14 May 2015).


RefWorks allows you to create and manage your own personal database of useful references. You can then use these to quickly compile a reference list or bibliography for your assignments. 

Click on the link below for more information, and details of Library workshops on how to use Refworks.