For help with a variety of enquiries you can contact the Library by:
Check our opening hours
Telephone 01642 342100 (Monday - Friday 9am to 5pm)
Feedback on our services
Copyright is an intellectual property right that exists automatically from the moment an original work (such as a journal article) is created. The author or creator is granted rights protected by law that limit the ways that a work can be reused by others (such as copying or selling it). Copyright ownership usually rests with the creator of the work. However, if the work was undertaken for an employer then the copyright ownership may rest with the employer.
When you publish an article or book, the publisher often asks you to sign over copyright and/or other rights to them. This not only impedes open access it also means that you may no longer be the primary rights holder and may not be able to reuse your own work.
To ensure open access to your works, you need to retain copyright and apply a creative commons licence to allow others to access, download and re-use your works.
A Creative Commons licence tells others what you - the copyright owner - allow them to do with your paper.
CC-BY is the most permissive Creative Commons Attribution. It allows anyone to access, download, re-use and re-purpose your paper. The CC-BY licence is the one usually required by funders.
When you submit your paper to a journal to be published just select the CC-BY licence when prompted by the publisher.
When you publish your paper via the Gold Route (through one of our Transformative Agreements) then copyright is normally retained by you the author. The publisher will usually ask you to sign a Licence to Publish (LTP) which allows them to do what they need to do to publish and promote your article. Be aware, though, that some LTPs, while seeming to include author copyright retention, actually limit what you can do with the article. Make sure you choose a CC-BY licence to provide maximum open access.
When publishing in a subsciption journal you are often required to transfer copyright to the publisher. The publisher will usually allow certain reuse of the work. You should make your author accepted manuscript (AAM) available online through TeesRep - the University's repository. However, the publisher may choose to apply an embargo so the AAM cannot be made available for 3 to 36 months following publication.
Many funders now require authors to include a Rights Retention Statement to their Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM). This statement asserts the author's right to apply a CC-BY licence to the AAM and means that the author retains copyright. This enables the author to deposit the AAM into a repository with no publisher embargo.